Dr. Z. HAQ
(Copyright 1990, 1997, All Rights Reserved)

Books and E-Books
On Muslim History and Civilization

Qur’an 2:146
Those unto whom We (Allah) gave the Scripture recognize (this revelation) as they recognize their sons.
But lo! a party of them knowingly conceal the truth.

Qur’an 5:15-16
O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)!
Now hath Our messenger come unto you, expounding unto you much of that which ye used to hide in the Scripture, and forgiving much.
Now hath come unto you light from Allah and a plain Scripture,
Whereby Allah guideth him who seeketh His good pleasure unto paths of peace.
He bringeth them out of darkness unto light by His decree, and guideth them unto a straight path.

There are many prophecies about Prophet Muhammad (s) in the revealed scriptures of old (Old and New Testaments, including those of the Zoroastrians and Hindus). The verses presented below give a small sample of references to Prophet Muhammad, Qur'anic revelations, Makkah (Bakkah), and Medinah. Because of the translations from original Hebrew to Greek to Latin to English, some of the words in the Bible refering to Prophet Muhammad (s) by name were translated. Prophet Jesus (pbuh) spoke Aramaic, a dialect of Hebrew. Therefore, it is recommended that any one with serious study in mind should make an effort to locate certain words and their meaning from Hebrew text. The references listed at the end discuss many more verses on this subject. Reference 3 includes Hebrew text for most verses cited therein.

Please read the Biography of Prophet Muhammad (s) for a better understanding of the topics and verses cited below. It has links to most of the topics and verses cited here.

   Links to lectures on the subject in realaudio format
Islamic Teaching Series (Dr. J. Badawi)
Lectures by Ahmed Deedat at Radio Al-Islam


Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned by name in the Song of Solomon 5:16. The Hebrew word used in this verse is Mahamaddim. The ending letters ‘im’ is a plural of respect, majesty and grandeur, just as in Elohim (the God). Without ‘im’ the name becomes Mahamadd which was translated as "altogether lovely" in the Authorized Version of the Bible or 'The Praised One', 'the one worthy of Praise.' In Arabic, Muhammad means the one who is most praised.

* Song of Solomon 5:16
His mouth is most sweet: yea, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved, and this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.

The phrase "he is altogether lovely" reads in the Hebrew as "he is Mahamaddim."

Haggai 2:7-9
And I will shake all nations, and the Himada of all the nations will come; and I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. Mine is the silver, mine is the gold, says the Lord of hosts, the glory of my last house shall be greater than that of the first one, says the Lord of hosts; and in this place I will give Shalom, says the Lord of Hosts. (Quoted from Reference 4).

The Hebrew words Mahmad, Mahamod, Himdah, and Hemed appearing in the Old Testament and the Arabic words Muhammad and Ahmad are all derived from the same root "H, M and D," and refer to the same general meaning. These Hebrew words convey qualities as well as the person depending on the phrase used in the Old Testament. The Hebrew word Shalom and the Arabic word Salam have the same meaning - peace. They are derived from the root alphabets "S, L and M." Islam is also derived from the same root alphabets and means the path of peace.

Bhavishya Puran, Prati Sarg Parv III: 3, 3, Mantra 5
A malechha (belonging to a foreign country and speaking foreign language) spiritual teacher will appear with his companions. His name will be Mahamad...

Sama Veda II: 6, Mantra 8
"Ahmad acquired religious law (Shariah) from his Lord. This religious law is full of wisdom. I receive light from him just as from the sun."
Prophet Muhammad's other name was Ahmad (both are from root letters h, m and d), both words have the meaning the "praised one" except the latter emphasizes a higher degree to it. The Holy Qur'an states that Prophet 'Isa (Jesus, pbuh) mentioned the last prophet's name as Ahmad.

Epistle of Sasan I, Dasatir
When the Persians will do such deeds, a man from among the Arabs will be born whose followers shall overthrow and dissolve the kingdom and religion of the Persians
...Instead of the temple of fire and the house of idols they will see the House of Abraham without any idols as their Qibla.
...And they (Muslims) will be a mercy to the worlds.
...And their leader (Prophet Muhammad) will be an eloquent man whose words and message will be clear and far-reaching.


Genesis 25:12-16
12 Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bare unto Abraham:
13 And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,
14 And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa,
15 Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:
16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.    Kedar and Ancient Arabs

Makkah, Bakka, Baca And Paran

Psalms 84:5-6
5 Blessed is the man whose strength is in thee; in whose heart are the ways of them.
6 Who passing through the valley of Baca make it a well; the rain also filleth the pools.

Qur'an 3:96-97
96 The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakka full of blessing and of guidance for all kinds of beings:
97 In it are signs manifest; (for example) the Station of Abraham; whoever enters it attains security; pilgrimage thereto is a duty men owe to Allah those who can afford the journey; but if any deny faith Allah stands not in need of any of his creatures.

Genesis 21:17-21
17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is.
18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation.
19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.
20 And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.
21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.

Atharva Veda X, 2, Mantra 33
Brahma (Abraham) stayed in this abode which is illumined by heavenly light and covered with Divine blessings. It is the place that gives (spiritual) life to the people and is unconquerable.

Ka'bah And Makkah

Isaiah 60 Verses 6 to 18:
6 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD.
7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.
10 And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.
11 Therefore thy gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought.
12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted.
18 Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.

Atharva Veda X, 2, Mantras 28 and 31
28. Whether it is built high, its walls are in a straight line or not, but God is seen in every corner of it. He who knows the House of God, knows it because God is remembered there.
31. This abode of the angels has eight circuits and nine gates. It is unconquerable, there is eternal life in it and it is resplendent with Divine light.

The Ka'bah is not exactly cubical and its sides are not of the same length. The Holy Sanctuary (Haram) of which Ka'abah is at the center remains open day and night throughout the year and it is always filled with people praying and supplicating to Allah (the One True God). Muslims face toward it during prayer forming circle in the Haram (Holy House) and the circle extends out in this manner throughout the planet Earth.

The holy sanctuary (Haram) has remained unconquerable. Abraha al-Ashram, the Abbysinian viceroy of Yemen, tried to demolish it in 570 CE with a strong army and hordes of elephants but was prevented from entering the city (Holy precinct). The people of Makkah had decided not to defend the Ka'bah, fled the city and took refuge in nearby hills overlooking Ka'bah. By Allah's Command, the 'Abaabeel' (flying creatures, birds) pelted stones at Abraha's army and decimated it, leaving them like green crops devoured by cattle. This incident is described in the Surah (chapter) 105 of the Qur'an. The year 570 CE is popularly known by the Arabs as 'The year of the Elephant,' and Prophet Muhammad was born in that year.

I Cannot Read

Isaiah 29:12 (read verses 11 through 18 for full context)
And the book is delivered to him that is not learned, saying, Read this, I pray thee: and he saith, I am not learned.

Revelation Piece By Piece

Isaiah 28:10-13 (read verses 10 through 16 for full context)
10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:
11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people.
12 To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.
13 But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.

Kuntap Sukt 4, Atharva Veda
Disseminate the truth, O ye who glorifies [Ahmad], disseminate the truth, just as a bird sings on a ripe fruited tree. Thy lips and tongue move swiftly like the sharp blade of a pair of shears.

It refers to the Prophet Muhammad's condition when he received revelation through Archangel Jibril (Gabriel).

Mine Elect

Isaiah 42:1-13
1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
2 He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
3 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
4 He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
5 Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:
6 I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles;
7 To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.
8 I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
9 Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.
10 Sing unto the LORD a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof.
11 Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains.
12 Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.
13 The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies.

Him That Fled

Isaiah 21:13-17
13 The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye traveling companies of Dedanim.
14 The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled.
15 For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.
16 For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:
17 And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it.

Ten Thousands Saints

Deuteronomy 33:1-3
1 And this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them.
3 Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words.

Rig Veda V, 27, Mantra 1
The wagon-possessor, the truthful and truth-loving, extremely wise, powerful and generous, Mamah [Mohammad] has favored me with his words. The son of the All-powerful, possessing all good attributes, the mercy for the worlds has become famous with ten thousand [companions].

Kuntap Sukt, Atharva Veda, Mantra 3
He gave the Mamah Rishi a hundred gold coins, ten chaplets, three hundred steeds and ten thousand cows.

It refers to one hundred early companions of the Prophet, eighty of them migrated to Abyssinia; ten elect companions who were given the good news of paradise by the Prophet; three hundred thirteen companions of the battle of Badr; and ten thousand companions who accompanied the Prophet in the triumphant entry of Makkah and cleansing of Ka'bah of Idols. A cow or an ox as described in the Vedas represents both as a symbol of war and peace. The companions of the Prophet had both these qualities. They were saintly men, pious and compassionate like a cow, and they were fierce and strong in establishing peace and justice.

A Prophet From Among Their Brethren

Deutronomy 18:18-19
18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.
19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.

And he (Ishmael) shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren. (Genesis 16:12).

And he (Ishmael) died in the presence of all his brethren. (Genesis 25:18).

One of numerous examples of '...and I will put my words into his mouth...' is given below from the Qur'an; the verses begin with the word 'Say':

"Say (O Muhammad): He Is Allah the One and Only;
Allah, the Eternal Absolute;
He Begetteth Not, Nor Is He Begotten:
And There Is None like unto Him.
(Qur'an 112:1-4)

The evidence for 'he shall speak in my name':

Every Surah (Chapter) of the Qur'an, except the ninth, begins with the words:

"In The Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful."

There Never Was A People Without A Warner

Qur'an 35:24
Verily We have sent thee (Muhammad) in truth as a bearer of glad tidings and as a warner: and there never was a people without a warner having lived among them (in the past).

Qur'an 16:36
For We assuredly sent amongst every People an apostle (with the Command) "Serve Allah and eshew Evil": of the people were some whom Allah guided and some on whom Error became inevitably (established). So travel through the earth and see what was the end of those who denied (the Truth).

Allah's Covenant With Prophets

Qur'an 3:81-82
Behold! Allah took the covenant of the Prophets saying: "I give you a Book and Wisdom; then comes to you an Apostle confirming what is with you; do ye believe him and render him help." Allah said: "Do ye agree and take this My Covenant as binding on you?" They said: "We agree." He said: "Then bear witness and I am with you among the witnesses." If any turn back after this they are perverted transgressors.

No Distinction Between Prophets

Qur'an 3:84-85
Say (O Muhammad): "We believe in Allah and in what has been revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, and in (Books) given to Moses, Jesus and the Prophets from their Lord; we make no distinction between one and another among them and to Allah do we bow our will (in Islam)." If anyone desires a religion other than Islam (submission to Allah) never will it be accepted of him; and in the Hereafter he will be in the ranks of those who have lost (all spiritual good).

A Mercy To The Worlds

Qur'an 21:107
And We did not send you (O Muhammad) except as a Mercy to the worlds.

No Compulsion In Religion

Qur'an 2:256
There is no compulsion in religion.
The right direction is henceforth distinct from error.

And he who rejecteth false deities and believeth in Allah hath grasped a firm handhold which will never break.
Allah is Hearer, Knower.

Allah: Allah is the proper name of the One True God, creator and sustainer of the universe, who does not have a partner or associate, and He did not beget nor was He begotten. The word Allah is used by the Arab Christians and Jews for The God (Eloh-im in Hebrew; 'Allaha' in Aramaic, the mother tongue of Jesus, pbuh). The word Allah does not have a plural or gender.
pbuh: Peace Be Upon Him. This expression is used for all Prophets of Allah. Abreviations derived from Arabic words are (s) and (as).

1. Faisal Siddiqui, “The Bible’s Last Prophet,” Al-Saadawi Publications, 1995.
2. H.A. Al-Dahir, “Mohammed: A Prophecy Fulfilled,” Gulf Medical Relief Fund, Inc., 4th Edition, 1994.
3. Kais Al-Kalby, “Prophet Muhammad: The Last Messenger in The Bible,”American Muslim Cultural Association, Third Edition, 1994.
4. 'Abdul Ahad Dawud, "Muhammad in The Bible, "Presidency of Shariyah Courts and Religious Affairs, Qatar, Third Edition, 1980. (The author is former Reverened David Benjamin Keldani, B.D., Former Bishop of Uramiah, a Roman Catholic Priest of the Uniate-Chaldean Sect; Born in 1867, Embraced Islam in 1904).
5. Abdul Haq Vidyarthi, "Muhammad in World Scriptures," Adam Publishers, 1990. (includes chapters on Zoroastrian and Hindu Scriptures)
6. A.H.Vidyarthi and U. Ali, "Muhammad in Parsi, Hindu & Buddhist Scriptures," IB.
7. Maurice Bucaille,"The Bible, The Qur'an and Science (Le Bible, le Coran et la Science): The Holy Scriptures Examined in the Light of Modern Knowledge," English version published by North American Trust Publication, 1978.
8. J.P. Green (Editor and Translator), "The Interlinear Bible (Hebrew, Greek and English Text)," Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1981.

Other General References:

9. Suzanne Haneef, "What Everyone Should Know About Islam and Muslims," Kazi Publications, 1979.
10. Muhammad 'Ata ur-Rahim, "Jesus: A Prophet of Islam," MWH London Publishers, UK, 1983.
11. "The Holy Qur'an," Text, Translation and Commentary by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, 1934. (Latest Publisher: Amana Publications, Beltsville, MD, USA; Title: "The Meaning of the Holy Qur'an," 1992).

* Unless otherwise indicated, all Biblical verses quoted here are from The King James Version.


Biography of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
What Non-Muslims Say About Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)
Qur'an and Scienific Knowledge
Copyright © 1990, 1997 Dr. Z. Haq
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